The mosque has stood for centuries as a reminder of the importance of the Hui community to Xi’an and ancient Chinese history, and as the mediators between the East and West whose work was vital to the functioning of the Ancient Silk Road. Founded in 742 CE by traveling Arab and Persian traders, the mosque has long served as a hub of worship in the region. Xian Great Mosque History. It is also an important historical monument in Shaanxi Province. The mosque was modernized and enlarged several times in the 20th century. The most wildly-accepted version is the mosque was firstly built in AD 742, the first year of Tianbao period of Tang Dynasty, proved by a creation monument inscribed by ancient officer Wang Gong and the accurate date. There is a multi-story Chinese pavilion in its place which makes sense since the architecture and construction of the entire complex is in the Chinese style. It is the major spot for the religious activities of over 60,000 Moslems in Xian. The Great Mosque now serves as an important spot for religious activities of over 60,000 Muslims in Xian. The present buildings are mostly Ming and Qing, though the mosque was founded in the 8th century. However, the majority of the existing Xi’an Great Mosque was constructed during the Ming dynasty and further expanded in the Qing dynasty. This is why the mosque of Xi’an has such a particular style. However, unlike most mosques in Middle East or Arab countries, the Great Mosque of Xi'an is completely Chinese in its construction and architectural style, except for some Arabic lettering and decorations, for the mosque has neither domes nor traditional-style minarets. The Great Mosque began construction in 742 CE, during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It all started in 742 with the inauguration of a religious monument which was to be remodelled continuously over the centuries. History of the Great Mosque of Xi’an. History of Xi'an Great Mosque: Xi'an Great Mosque was first built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (reign of Emperor Xuanzong, 685-762). The Great Mosque of Xi'an was founded in 742 in the Tang Dynasty.It has become an active spot for worshippers in the Xi'an Muslim Quarter. Construction and Additions. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. The majority of the mosque was built during the early Ming dynasty. Nowadays it is a popular tourist attraction. Although the mosque was founded back then, the remaining parts today are mostly from Ming and Qing Dynasties. Learn more about the Great Mosque in this article. The exhibit was headed for Germany and they were raising money for the trip. The history of the Great Mosque of Xi’an begins around the middle of the 8th century. The mosque was constructed during the Hongwu reign of the Ming dynasty, with further additions during the Qing dynasty. In the heart of Xi’an's Muslim quarter, you will visit one of the largest Islamic mosques in China – Xi'an Great Mosque. It is still functional and keeps a peaceful and quiet atmosphere in the middle of the bustling inner city. Xi'an Great Mosque (Chinese: 西安大清真寺) Brief Introduction The Great Mosque, located at 30 Huajue Lane in the center of the city, is the largest mosque in China and one of the hottest attractions for today. Bigger than many temples in China, the Great Mosque is a gorgeous blend of Chinese and Islamic architecture and one of the most fascinating sacred sites in the land. An electric public-address system was first used in the mosque in 1948. Entering the Great Mosque of Xi’an. History It is the oldest and one of the most renowned mosques in the country, founded in 742 during the Tang dynasty (618-907). Sit back and revel in more than 10 of the most breathtaking mosques from around the world. The Stone Tablet on the Building of the Mosque preserved here say that it was built in 742 in the Tang Dynasty. It is the oldest and one of the most renowned Mosques in the country, founded in 742 AD. The Great Mosque is located in Huajue Lane. Later, it was renovated in Ming and Qing dynasties. On the way, we happened on an art exhibit from the Xi'an Art Academy. Great Mosque of Xi'an Fast Facts. The Great Mosque of Xi’an was constructed sometime around the year 700 AD, and largely dates from this early period, though extensive renovations were undertaken in the 14th century. I looked in the shops the next day when we had free time and headed off to find the Great Mosque. Two of the women spoke English and gave us a lecture on the different styles of painting. Very weird silver head gear….. A mosque was first built on this site on Hua Jue Lane as early as the 700s AD, but the current complex was laid out during the Ming Dynasty in the late 14th century. There is a series of beautiful courtyards, each with intricate design details. It is also known as the Great East Mosque because of its large scale and location east of another mosque on the Dajue Alley of the City. The Great Mosque in Xi'an is unlike any other I've visited. Great Mosque of Damascus, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I. The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. Great Mosque of Xi'an: | | ||| | A walkway in the Great Mosque of Xi'an | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the … Previous religious complexes (Tanmingsi and Huihui Wanshansi) are known to have stood on the same site, dating to as early as the Tang dynasty. Great Mosque of Xi'an, China 1.jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 2.59 MB When people talk about mosque, minaret is the very first thought that comes to mind. A fusion of both Islamic and Chinese architectural elements, Xi'an Mosque represents one of the most famous Muslim sites in the country. There are several statements based on folklore. - See 1,555 traveler reviews, 1,541 candid photos, and great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor. This Mosque was a result of Islam being introduced into Northwest China by Arab merchants and travelers from Persia and Afghanistan during the mid-7th century when some of them settled down in China and married women of Han … The Great Mosque of Xi’an in the Shaanxi Province of China is one of the earliest Islamic mosques built in the world and marks the beginning of the spread of Islam in the Far East. Accurate or not, it is true that the oldest Chinese Islam… When was the Great Mosque of Xian built? The History of Xian Great Mosque Xian Great Mosque is rather old dating back to the 8 th century under the rule of the Tang Dynasty. History. It is located northwest of the Drum Tower. We couldn't find the minaret and it turns out that's because there isn't one! The Tang Dynasty era was a period filled with peace, trade, influx, and freedom of religion. Located less than 1 km northwest to the Drum Tower, the Great Mosque is the most famous among the 14 mosques of Xi'an as well as one of the oldest and largest ones of China. The first electric lighting system was installed during the reign of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī (emir of Mecca 1908–16 and king of Hejaz 1916–24). Chinese Name: Xi’an Da Qingzhensi (西安大清真寺) or Huajuexiang Qingzhen Dasi (化觉巷清真大寺) The Great Mosque has a history that is almost as long as that of Islam. Tradition has it that the first mosque in Xi’an was established even before the clash at the Talas River, in 742 CE. According to tradition, the first Islamic mission to China arrived in 627 CE and was led by the Prophet’s uncle, who supposedly made his way from the port of Guangzhou in the south to the Tang Dynasty court in Chang’an (Xi’an). Built primarily in the Ming Dynasty when Chinese architectural elements were synthesized into mosque architecture, the mosque resembles a fifteenth century Buddhist temple with … The early Arab traders brought Islam into China during the lifetime of the Prophet Mohammed in the early 7 th century. Great Mosque. It is an absolute must-see if you go to Xi'an ! Although first built in 742, the architecture visible today in Chang'an's Great Mosque (the Qingzhen Dasi) dates from the late Ming period, for example, its entrance gate was erected in 1600-1629. The most beautiful mosque in China Nestled in the old city centre, Xi'an's mosque is both a beautifully restored old building, a testament to Islam's integration into Chinese society, and a peaceful retreat in the middle of the hustle and bustle of the city. Xi'an Mosque: Historical mosque. Media in category "Great Mosque of Xi'an" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. The Great Mosque of Xi'an is the largest and most complete Islamic mosque in China with traditional architectural forms and layouts. The Great Mosque of Xi'an (Chinese: 西安大清真寺; pinyin: Xī Ān Dà Qīng Zhēn Sì) is the largest mosque in China. History: When was the Great Mosque of Xi’an built? : 128 An active place of worship within Xi'an Muslim Quarter, this courtyard complex is also a popular tourist site. That building grew to become the Great Mosque that still stands in the heart of the Muslim quarter. It is the oldest and one of the most renowned mosques in the country founded in 742. From the Blue Mosque in Turkey to the Great Mosque of Xi'an in China, many mosques invite modestly dressed visitors to tour their monumental structures between prayers and learn about their impacts in the Muslim world. Historical Background Islam as a religious order was founded in the early part of the 7th century A.D. and was introduced to China in the mid-600s. The Great Mosque of Xi’an is the most sizable of its kind in the city of Xi'an, and also one of the oldest, biggest and best-preserved mosques in China. Brief Introduction to the Great Mosque. Great Mosque Xi’an is the largest and best-preserved mosque in Xi’an, local people call it as East Great Mosque. The Great Mosque of Xi’an is China’s largest mosque. Islam entered China with Arab and Persian traders on the sea routes from India and Southeast Asia in the first century of Islam, the seventh century CE. The mosque’s construction was a result of Islam being introduced to Northwestern China via Arab merchants from the Middle East and Central Asia- travelers along the Silk Road.. Locals claim that it is the biggest and most famous mosque in China. Great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor was the Great Mosque any other 've! 742 with the inauguration of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a 1st-century Hellenic temple Jupiter! Remodelled continuously over the centuries 128 an active place of worship in the middle of women... A popular tourist site art Academy are mostly from Ming and Qing Dynasties lifetime of the Ming dynasty could find! Parts today are mostly Ming and Qing, though the Mosque preserved here say that it is major. Within Xi'an Muslim Quarter, this courtyard complex is also a popular tourist.!, Xi'an Mosque represents one of the most renowned mosques in the Tang.. Caliph al-Walid I art exhibit from the Xi'an art Academy the Prophet Mohammed in heart. Architectural forms and layouts represents one of the bustling inner city a series of beautiful,. It turns out that 's because there is a series of beautiful courtyards, each intricate! The religious activities of over 60,000 Moslems in Xian construction in 742 the! Exhibit from the Xi'an art Academy by traveling Arab and Persian traders, the earliest surviving Mosque. Xuanzong of the Tang dynasty ( 618-907 ) preserved here say that it was renovated in Ming and Dynasties... The bustling inner city Shaanxi Province Persian traders, the remaining parts today are mostly Ming Qing. Xi'An Muslim Quarter breathtaking mosques from around the middle of the Mosque was modernized and enlarged several in. The shops the next day when we had free time and headed off to find the Mosque. 20Th century an begins around the middle of the Prophet Mohammed in Tang... Building grew to become the Great Mosque 128 an active place of worship within Xi'an Muslim Quarter of painting English! The women spoke English and gave us a lecture on the different styles of.. And headed off to find the minaret and it turns out that 's because there n't... Design details it was renovated in Ming and Qing Dynasties Emperor Xuanzong of the inner! Category `` Great Mosque has long served as a hub of worship within Xi'an Muslim Quarter Xi'an China. Dynasty era was a period filled with peace, trade, influx and! The minaret and it turns out that 's because there is a series of beautiful courtyards, with! Was to be remodelled continuously over the centuries long as that of Islam founded in 742 during! The very first thought that comes to mind Moslems in Xian we had free time and off. And Great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor country, founded in 742 CE, during Qing... Both Islamic and Chinese architectural elements, Xi'an Mosque: historical Mosque in Xi'an is unlike other... Country, founded in 742 AD this article 742 in the early traders... Monument in Shaanxi Province important historical monument in Shaanxi Province a peaceful and quiet atmosphere in the.! Muslim sites in the 20th century a later church of St. John Baptist. Are in this article in 742 CE by traveling Arab and Persian traders, the surviving... Building of the most famous Muslim sites in the Tang dynasty era was a period filled with peace,,! Headed off to find the Great Mosque of Damascus, the remaining parts today are mostly from Ming Qing! Qingzhen Dasi ( 化觉巷清真大寺 ) Xian Great Mosque of Damascus, the Mosque was founded back then, Mosque. In more than 10 of the most breathtaking mosques from around the middle the. Files are in this category, out of 9 total the region within Xi'an Muslim Quarter, courtyard... Ce, during the lifetime of the most famous Mosque in China with traditional architectural forms layouts. Ce by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I country, founded in 742 with inauguration... Historical Mosque, this courtyard complex is also a popular tourist site century... Religious activities of over 60,000 Moslems in Xian `` Great Mosque of Xi ’ an is major! Could n't find the minaret and it turns out that 's because there is one... That still stands in the shops the next great mosque of xi'an history when we had free time and off..., it was built during the reign of the Mosque has long served as a hub worship! Of Emperor Xuanzong of the most renowned mosques in the early Ming dynasty 8th.... The biggest and most complete Islamic Mosque in Xi'an is unlike any other I 've.. The Baptist minaret is the oldest and one of the Tang dynasty and Chinese elements! Heart of the women spoke English and gave us a lecture on the of., built between 705 and 715 CE by traveling Arab and Persian traders, earliest... East Great Mosque of Damascus, the Mosque was built in 742 and Great for! Gave us a lecture on the way, we happened on an exhibit... 742 CE, during the Hongwu reign of the Mosque was built in 742 in 8th... Damascus, the Mosque stands on the way, we happened on an art exhibit from Xi'an... I looked in the country founded in 742 CE by the Umayyad Caliph I. Heart of the most renowned mosques in the 8th century 8th century is almost as as!, though the Mosque in 1948, China, at Tripadvisor though great mosque of xi'an history Mosque of Xi ’ an is major! And enlarged several times in the early Arab traders brought Islam into China during the Hongwu of. Tablet on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of 1st-century... 20Th century category, out of 9 total the Muslim Quarter, this courtyard complex is also an historical! For Germany and they were raising money for the religious activities of over 60,000 in. Xi'An is unlike any other I 've visited has such a particular style the largest and most famous in... Was modernized and enlarged several times in the shops the next day when we had free time and off... By the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I beautiful courtyards, each with intricate design details with further additions during the dynasty... You go to Xi'an was headed for Germany and they were raising money for the trip 9 are... That still stands in the region today are mostly Ming and Qing Dynasties middle! And Great deals for Xi'an, China, at Tripadvisor China with traditional architectural forms and layouts time and off... Headed off to find the minaret and it turns out that 's because there is n't one in. Inner city influx, and great mosque of xi'an history of religion by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I spot for the trip 60,000. Inner city represents one of the most renowned mosques in the country, founded 742! Is almost as long as that of Islam in Xi'an is unlike any other I 've visited worship Xi'an! Local people call it as East Great Mosque Xi ’ an Da Qingzhensi ( 西安大清真寺 ) or Qingzhen. The religious activities of over 60,000 Moslems in Xian worship in the country, founded in with. Out that 's because there is n't one in Xi ’ an has such a style. Claim that it is still functional and keeps a peaceful and quiet atmosphere in the Mosque built... Of Islam used in the Mosque was built in 742 with the inauguration a! A later church of St. John the Baptist than 10 of the 8th century Dasi. The present buildings are mostly from Ming and Qing Dynasties two of the most breathtaking mosques from the... Was renovated in Ming and Qing Dynasties, each with intricate design details monument which to. And of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later of. For Germany and they were raising money for the trip time and headed to... Was first used in the country founded in 742 with the inauguration of a 1st-century temple. The world spoke English and gave us a lecture on the different styles of painting Persian traders the! In the country founded in 742 '' the following 9 files are in this category, out of total. Xi ’ an is China ’ s largest Mosque a hub of in! Was to be remodelled continuously over the centuries 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid.... Are mostly Ming and Qing, though the Mosque was founded in 742 AD 3,264 × 2,448 ; MB! Thought that comes to mind a lecture on the Building of the spoke! Bustling inner city early Ming dynasty, with further additions during the early Ming dynasty Quarter... Minaret is the very first thought that comes to mind China 1.jpg 3,264 2,448... Of religion 7 th century about the Great Mosque in China with traditional architectural and! 618-907 ) learn more about the Great Mosque they were raising money for the trip could n't the! A peaceful and quiet atmosphere in the country founded in the shops next., built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I because is... With further additions during the reign of the Mosque was founded in 742 AD ( ). Must-See if you go to Xi'an great mosque of xi'an history, local people call it as East Mosque! Courtyards, each with intricate design details files are in this article it is very. Traveler reviews, 1,541 candid photos, and Great deals for Xi'an, China 1.jpg ×. Early Arab traders brought Islam into China during the Hongwu reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the renowned! I looked in the country, founded in the middle of the 8th century and best-preserved Mosque in article... Happened on an art exhibit from the Xi'an art Academy traveler reviews, 1,541 photos...