The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. He was the first Indian ruler to design a road map for the entire country. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. 1. His grandfather came to Indiain search of employment in the time of Bahlol Lodhi and joined services in the Punjab. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. Shershah also introduced direct remittances of the taxes to the government so that the taxpayers are saved from any exploitation by the middle officers. - 16915940 Land was surveyed according to a uniform system; the area under cultivation was ascertained for each village. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan had to loiter from place-to-place in […] On he basis of the fertility of soil Lands were divided into three categories Good, Middle and Bad. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 12:56 IST Every peasant was given as written document in which the share of the Govt. There were four … Sher Shah Suri was liberal in his religious outlook.His revenue policy was adopted not only by Akbar but also by the British. Who was defeated by Humayun in 1555 by the battle of Sirhindh. The original name of Sher Shah, the lion king, was Farid. Engineer’s Day in India: Origin, Significance, Celebrations, Great Kings of Sangama Dynasty of Vijaynagar Empire I Sangama Empire, WHERE THERE IS A WILL THERE IS A WAY ESSAY, Mauryan Administration System (Mauryan Government), Short Paragraph on Importance of Good Health, Top 21 Motivational Quotes About Strength, Sai Baba Teaching’s : Whosoever is destined…. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. These are as follows. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. The state demand was fixed as one-third of the gross produce, which was payable either in cash or kind. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the […] was clearly mentioned so that no unscrupulous officer might cheat the innocent peasant. Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. His original name was Farid Khan. The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. The principal reforms for which Sher Shah is remembered are those connected with revenue administration. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. The well-known ‘Ryatwari System’ which has been in vague till now, was not founded by Akbar but by Sher Shah. Your email address will not be published. In case of damages compensation was granted to the former by the Govt. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and … and the peasants. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. This is the first known record of the Postal system of a kingdom being used for non-State purposes, i.e. Early Life of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah was called Farid when he was a child and was born in 1472 A.D. at the age of twenty two Sher Shah fled to Jaunpur which was the center of learning at that time, studied there for three years, acquired knowledge of Arabic and Persian and was able to impress Jalal Khan, the master of his father … In this course, Prashant Choudhary will provide in-depth knowledge of the Mughal Empire. also. Sher Shah, as he was not born in a royal family, had to make his way in life through adversity. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. (the roads laid by Shershah still run through the country) His short rule of five years was marked by many beneficent reforms in every branch of administration.He provided the next gen rulers a thorough land revenue system. What are the main Waste Disposal Methods? According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. Sher Shah pays special attention to the land revenue system, the army and the justice with the help of a capable team. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. Sher Shah's political system was monarchical. Secondly, it is said that as the land revenue was fixed on the average produce of each bigha of good, average and inferior land, the owner of good land always stood to gain while owners of inferior land was always the loser. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. Sher Shah Suri, in Dizionario di storia, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 2010. But we must not forget that Sher Shah had ruled only for five years. Published: October 10, 2015 . During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. Rather what he felt correct, he did. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The Mughals also set up the institutions of Jagir and Mansab systems. Like Babur, the story of Sher Shah Suri’s rise to power is romantic and interesting. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Mention the chief features of the land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri Great Kings of Sangama Dynasty of Vijaynagar Empire I Sangama Empire. According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah. who was Sher shah suri? Must Read: The Revenue System under Mughal Administration. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. Thirdly, it is said that as the convention of land revenue from kind to cash always depended on the Central Government, it always led to delay in the collection of land revenue. Topics: Land Revenue • Sher Shah Suri. The last Sur ruler was Sikkandar Shah Sur. Sher Shah Suri ruled for only a few years, but his huge influence on India continues six … Strict orders had been issued to the revenue authorities that leniency might be shown while fixing the land tax, but strictness in the collection thereof should be the inevitable rule. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. He introduced the currency of rupee. was clearly mentioned so that no unscrupulous officer might cheat the innocent peasant. Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. Despite its merit Sher Shah’s revenue system was not free From defects. Sher Shah Suri original name was Farid. He studied all the course that afflicated them. The king was aided by four … Sher Shah Suri’s Rupaiya. Revenue Policy Sher Shah Suri's weak successors enabled Humayun to regain the last empire. This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. treasury, to be on the safe side, so that the collecting officers might not charge them any extra money. He also introduced a permanent schedule of rates and laid the state share of the different kinds of crops. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. But suitable subsidy was granted to the farmers in the time of drought, famine or floods from the royal treasury. In this course, Prashant Choudhary will provide in-depth knowledge of the Mughal Empire. 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